Journal of Nepalese Prosthodontic Society


Introduction: Arranging artificial teeth has always been a challenging work since edentulous alveolarridges are in a constant verge of physiological resorptive changes. Incisive papilla is a reliable biometricguide which can be used as a reference for arrangement of anterior teeth, since it is a stable intraoralanatomical landmark unless surgically modified.

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the mean distance between the most prominentlabial surface of maxillary central incisors to the posterior limit of incisive papilla in various archforms.

Materials and Methods: The study was carried out among 170 undergraduate students of BPKIHS,after obtaining ethical clearance from Institutional Review Committee, BPKIHS. Maxillaryimpressions were made with alginate impression materials and casts were poured with dental stone.Distance from the posterior limit of incisive papilla to maximum convexity of central incisor (Papillo-Incisal Distance, PID) was measured with a Digital Vernier caliper with a precision of 0.01mm. Thearch forms were analyzed and classified into ovoid, tapering and squarish arch, subjectively based onmorphological parameters. The intra-examiner reliability of the measurement was tested in 17 castscalculating Cronbach’s Alpha. Pearson Chi-square test was applied to explore the relation of the archforms with age and gender. One-way ANOVA was used to check the association between the mean PIDbetween with different arch forms.(p value = 0.05)

Results: The mean distance from the labial surface of maxillary central incisors to the posterior limit ofincisive papilla was 11.58±1.32 mm. The mean papillo-incisal distance varied with respect to differentarch forms which was statistically significant (P<0.05). The mean PID of oval, squarish and taperingarch forms were 11.86 mm, 10.82 mm and 11.93 mm respectively.

Conclusion: Incisive papilla is a valuable starting point in the preliminary location of maxillary incisorsduring fabrication of dentures. The suggested mean PID for arranging central incisors is 11.58 mm.

Key words: Arch forms; Incisive papilla; Papillo-incisal distance

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